It is not a secret for anyone that there is a significant number of the most diverse areas of activity in medicine. And if there are at least general ideas about some of them in the non-medical community, others, on the contrary, with incredible speed are overgrown with various conjectures and myths that have little to do with reality.
The same fate befell gastroenterology. We offer you to familiarize yourself with seven myths that have not only become entrenched in the minds of patients, but are also the subject of constant struggle of specialists in this area. But first things first.
Gastroenterology is a field of medicine that covers diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and related organs (liver, pancreas, gallbladder). The influence of a balanced work of the gastrointestinal tract on the health of the body is great. The process of digestion and assimilation of nutrients from food, the well-coordinated interaction of the liver, gallbladder and proper nutrition determine the tone of the body, active life and ultimately affect the condition of the skin, hair, heart, and kidneys.
The field of activity of a gastroenterologist is multifaceted and interconnected with a number of related areas of medicine. The specialist diagnoses organs, identifies foci of the disease, prescribes treatment, and, if necessary, proper nutrition. He is in charge of the treatment of diseases such as:
Gastritis; Peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer; Cholecystitis; Cholelithiasis; Pancreatitis Colitis; Cirrhosis of the liver; Ileitis; Proctitis.
Along with the listed most common diseases, there are a number of specialized areas of activity of a gastroenterologist, when highly specialized knowledge in the field of oncology, surgery, etc. is required. For example, the field of activity of a hepatologist is liver diseases and everything related to them, a gastroenterologist oncologist specializes in tumor processes, a gastroenterologist surgeon oversees surgical intervention in the gastrointestinal tract, etc.
In recent years, "popular" medicine has been developing at hyperbolic rates. Hundreds of sites appear, explaining the causes of diseases, remotely conducting diagnostics, prescribing treatment, advertising so-called "folk remedies" for ailments. So, looking at a site of this kind, you can conduct a self-diagnosis within a few minutes, identify the disease and immediately receive a "prescription for treatment." Without tests and examinations, it is easy, quick and free of charge "doctor" without education and qualifications recommends diets, medicines, cleansing the body. Such self-medication, at best, will not have any effect on the body, at worst, it will aggravate the situation. It is one thing when a specialist with a medical education provides popular information to show the essence of the problem, talk about existing treatment methods in Russia or abroad, medicinal and herbal preparations, their effect on the body as a whole or on certain systems and organs, and warns of possible consequences. in the absence of treatment, etc. Another thing is when absentee recommendations and advertising of dosage forms are provided in the form of a “prescription”.
In this regard, the role of a gastroenterologist as an educator is increasing : it is necessary to explain to the population that refusal from professional medical care, if necessary, is fraught with serious negative consequences.
It is impossible to recommend treatment in absentia according to the messages of site users, let alone prescribe medications. Perhaps the person misidentifies the disease. If the patient has a number of chronic concomitant diseases, for example, diabetes mellitus, heart and vascular diseases, an incorrectly prescribed drug can provoke a sharp deterioration in well-being, and sometimes even death. Before transferring information from medical sites to yourself, make sure that you are dealing with qualified specialists in their field. When advertising a treatment method or drugs, a competent gastroenterologist will definitely indicate that before treatment it is necessary to consult with the attending physician and conduct an examination. Be carefull!
After conducting a detailed review of popular sites "of a medical nature", a list of the main misconceptions in the field of gastroenterology, which cannot be trusted, much less followed, was formed.
Undoubtedly, excessive consumption of fatty, spicy, high-calorie foods, an adherence to chips, hamburgers and other fast food can accelerate this disease. The body receives such a strong load on the liver, gallbladder and the entire digestive system that sometimes it cannot stand it, and the balance is disturbed, shifted towards the appearance of diseases of the digestive system and not only. But the main cause of gastritis was and remains the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (Helicobacter pylori), which for many decades of existence has adapted to the aggressive environment of the stomach: it exists, grows and develops in it. You can eat right and have gastritis.
Another misconception is associated with the fact that if you change the food system: give up fatty and spicy foods, excessive amounts of flour and sweets, fast food - the cure for gastritis will occur on its own. If the infectious processes have already started, and the disease occurs, the diet will only ease the course of the disease, but will not eliminate it. Gastritis will gradually become chronic. In this case, the consequences can provoke oncology and other serious diseases. At the first sign of discomfort and malaise, you should consult a doctor and undergo a complete examination. Only a doctor can diagnose and prescribe treatment.
Gastritis belongs to a group of insidious hidden diseases. If the diagnosis is established, and you started treatment, the pains and other unpleasant sensations that previously tormented may disappear, but this does not mean that the disease is completely defeated. Depending on the degree of the disease and treatment, obvious signs may be absent, but only a complete cure (and this will take a certain period of time) contributes to the irreversible elimination of symptoms. Often the patient, taking the medicine and feeling relief, decides to interrupt the course of therapy himself, mistakenly thinking that the disease has been eradicated. But after a while, everything repeats itself all over again.
A state of stress, permanent or temporary, is a big test for the whole organism. It is during this period that strokes and heart attacks occur. Stress also affects the gastrointestinal tract to some extent. He is able to aggravate the existing disease, but he is not able to provoke it, since the main source is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (Helicobacter pylori). Stress has a tangible negative effect on the rate of recovery from diseases.
Full-scale scientific studies carried out in Russia and abroad have shown that taking a number of drugs constantly and in certain quantities provokes the disease. This is another reason to confirm that the examination and treatment of both diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and those accompanying them should be carried out strictly under the supervision of a physician. Only a doctor will prescribe the necessary medications, minimizing the risk of side effects. It should be noted that many drugs individually do not carry any harm, but in the aggregate, on the contrary, they can provoke negative side effects. Biochemical processes in the body are quite complex and depend on the state of health of the individual, therefore, it is impossible to foresee all the negative consequences.
It is generally accepted that if a person does not have diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, there is no need to limit oneself in nutrition. But the body functions smoothly only if the nutrition is balanced in composition and quantity. For example, you like fatty foods and consume a lot of them. After a while, you will notice the first signs of discomfort in the form of heaviness in the abdomen, excess weight, pain in the liver, etc. With a constant diet rich in fatty foods, metabolism is disrupted. The imbalance is expressed in the form of the above diseases. In this case, only normalization of nutrition will not help. When shaping your diet, always think about the possible consequences.
In recent years, the practice of cleansing the body has been actively promoted in the media. It is alleged that when taking a number of medications, herbal juices, decoctions, extracts, etc. the body is cleansed of toxins, toxins and unwanted substances. There is some truth in this statement, but only in part. If the body is healthy, the nutrition is correct, and you lead an active lifestyle in a harmonious combination of physical activity and quiet rest, artificially provoked cleansing is not required. The body is self-cleaning. For example, by consuming vegetables and juices, the intestines work in the right way, and it does not need additional cleaning. If the metabolism is disturbed, there are chronic diseases, a sedentary lifestyle, etc., additional cleaning is allowed to normalize metabolic processes, but only under the supervision of the attending physician. Self-medication is unacceptable. For example, excessive consumption of beetroot juice activates bile production, but at the same time, if you have gallstones, this process is unacceptable.
The article contains only the most popular myths on gastroenterology, but how many theses, "recipes for cure" and "miraculous drugs" are left behind the scenes.
To reduce the amount of this kind of materials, it is necessary to publish more often opinions, information material on behalf of qualified gastroenterologists, based on the latest research in the field of gastroenterology. This goal is greatly facilitated by continuing education seminars that keep the practitioner informed of all the innovative materials in the field.
On June 22, 2019, in Moscow on the basis of the Modern Science and Technology Academy, a seminar " Modern algorithms and standards in gastroenterology " will take place, which will be held in full-time distance form (8 hours of full-time and 28 hours of distance learning). The event highlights the main issues of modern diagnostics, innovative technologies for the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The program of the event includes lectures, master classes, exchange of views on this area of medicine. The seminar is attended by the candidate of medical sciences, gastroenterologist Alexander Shirokopoyas. Two decades of medical practice, work in leading clinics in the capital and twenty published works on gastroenterology speak of his high professionalism.
The courses will be interesting for practicing doctors who have a certificate in one of the specialties:
"Therapy"; "Gastroenterology"; "Coloproctology"; "Dietetics"; "General doctor".
Upon completion of the courses, a certificate of professional development is issued and 36 points are credited to the NGO. Each participant of the seminar is also given a certificate of participation. By attending the seminar, you not only improve your qualifications, but also acquire full-fledged modern highly specialized knowledge in this area. A good gastroenterologist is a competent doctor who has full knowledge, who owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment. This is a highly qualified specialist who is always in demand on the labor market.